The First Dáil (Irish: An Chéad Dáil) was Dáil Éireann as it convened from 1919–1921. It was the first meeting of the unicameral parliamentof the revolutionary Irish Republic. In 1919 candidates who had been elected in the Westminster elections of 1918 refused to recognise the Parliament of the United Kingdom and instead established an independent legislature in Dublin called “Dáil Éireann” (English: Assembly of Ireland). The establishment of the First Dáil occurred on the same day as the outbreak of the Irish War of Independence. After elections in 1921 the First Dáil was succeeded by the Second Dáil of 1921–1922.